middle india



mohamad bin kasim (712-715)

mohamad bin kasim ne bharat par pahla aisa hamla kiya jo safal raha jise battle of rabot kahte hai

battle of rabot mohamad kasim ne raja aldhair ke virudh kiya tha 712 me .jisme raja aldhair har gaya aur mohamad bin kasim jeet gaya

ye ek naya tax lagu karta hai → jajiya tax

ye 715 me 'bail ke khaal' ke andar mirtu ko prapt hota hai.

mahmood gajnavi (998-1030)

gajnavi ke samaye vidyan

 F     U    F      A 

f → faukhi

u → utbi

f → firdausi

a → alburni → book → tahkeek-a-hind, kitab-ul-hind .

iss vansh ka sansthapak alpatdeen tha

iska gulam aur damad subud deen tha aur subud deen ka beta → mahmood gajnavi

mahmood gajnavi pahle aisa sashak hua jisne sultan ki upadhi dharan ki. isne apne sashan kaal me 17 bar bharat par akramad kiye. jin me se kux iss parkar hai

  1. 1001 on punjab
  2. 1008 anandpal ke birudh
  3. 1009 nagarcoat par hamla
  4. 1014 thaneshawer
  5. 1018 mathura
  6. 1019 kannoj
  7. 1025 somnath temple (16th hamla)

somnath mandir par hamla karne ke samay gujrat ka raja bheemdev pratham tha.somnath se gajnavi ko jo mila wo bahumulye abhushad tha aur uski value 200000 dinar ke braber thi. mohamad gajnavi 1030 me mirtu ko prapt hua

gajnavi ke darvar par 4 vidwan the .

 F     U    F      A 

f → faukhi

u → utbi

f → firdausi

a → alburni

mohamad gauri

mohamad gauri ka vastvik nam → sahabuddeen mohamad binshaam tha.

gauri 1775 me multan aur uccha par akramad karta hai aur kamanghi kabile ko harakar kabja kar leta hai.

gujrat ka youdh 1178 me gauri aur bheemdev 2nd ke bich hua jisme gauri buri tarike se har gyaa.

ye youdh maunt abou ke sameep kayarda ke maidan par lada gaya.

  • tarai ka pahla youdh (1191) →

    prithvi raj chauhan aur mohamad gauri ke bich aur mohamad gauri buri tarah se har gaya.
  • tarai ka dusra youdh (1192) →

    prithvi raj chauhan aur mohamad gauri ke bich . jisme prithvi raj chauhan har gaye aur gauri jeet gaya .
  • chandavar ka youdh (1194)→

    jaichand aur gauri ke bich .jisme gauri jeet gaya aur jaychand har gaya ( jaichand ko sabse bada vivishad kaha jata hai india ka ).

uska sena pati kutubdeen abek aur sahayak senapati baktiyar khilji tha.

1206 me gauri saam ko navaj padh raha tha tab wo kux karmarthi kabile ke dwara sindhu nadi ke kinre damayak namak asthan par uski hatya kar di gai